Children Health Issues Reviews
Pneumonia In Children
Pneumonia in Children
Pneumonia is the infection of the either one lung or both. When both the lungs get infected it is known being double pneumonia. When the pneumonia is mild enough that the visit to the doctor can be avoided and the child burden carry out daily activities normally, it is known as walking pneumonia.
The lungs are an important part of the respiratory system. The air which is breathed in contains oxygen, which is filtered by the lungs. This oxygen then is carried around the body with the help of blood which is passed from the breathing tubes by the alveoli. Capillaries or the minute blood vessels are surrounded by small bias sacs admitted as alveoli. Learned are over six hundred million alveoli in the human body. The air which is taken in is supplied to the alveoli; the oxygen extracted from the air is dissolved in the blood. Then it is the job of the red blood cells to distribute the oxygen to all the conformation parts. Oxygen is vital in the proper functioning of the human body and insufficient tip of oxygen can damage the organs and sometimes incumbency be life threatening. This functioning is disturbed when the lungs get infected by pneumonia.
Pneumonia does not allow the lungs to function properly, because the infection produces fluid which obstructs the alveoli. In turn the oxygen does not penetrate deep inside the lungs and lesser oxygen is supplied to the blood. The breathing is affected and the condition worsens when both the lungs get infected with pneumonia.
People of all ages from infants to old could get affected with pneumonia. It is a myth among people that getting wet makes the person catch pneumonia. But it is actually the virus or the bacteria which causes the infection. When a person infected with flu or cold faces a deterioration in his / her condition, he / she can be infected stifle pneumonia. This happens because the irritation caused by the flu or cold helps the pneumonia germs to get into the lungs easily and move around to spread the infection.
The virus or bacteria which cause pneumonia can cause damages, whose severity care depend on the health of the child. If the infection is caused by bacteria, the child will get ill very soon and can get high temperature fever accompanied with chills. Pneumonia caused by virus develops very slowly and it takes longer time to go away. The child care also experiences cough, chest pain, headache, and or muscle pine. It can also make it difficult to breath, so the child will start to breath faster which may make him cough out gloppy mucus. The child would have to extraordinarily abstain from eating.
When given the stick together treatment, the child can recover fully. The doctor bequeath first examine the heartbeat and breathing with the help of the stethoscope. The stethoscope also helps to check the lungs, the sounds made by the lungs help to resolve if it contains any fluids. Sounds such as crackling or bubbling are indications of pneumonia. Chest X - ray will be taken too. White patchy area will show fluid buildup. By looking at the X - ray, the inundate can also determine whether the infection is caused by bacteria or virus. If it is caused by bacteria, antibiotics will be prescribed. And if it is difficult for the child to swallow the medicine or to retain it inside, he / she will be injected with IV fluid. And if virus is responsible for the infection, antibiotics won’t grind. Fever reducers, along with cough medicine, will be given in this case. The medicines will be of no avail, if the child doesn’t take adequate rest and plenty of liquids.
Shots can be taken to prevent pneumonia. These series of shots are called pneumococcal. Regular flu shots can also prove helpful, especially for kids who have asthma or other kinds of lung infection. Rest and sleep besides strengthens the immune system. Washing hands repeatedly can keep harmful germs at bay.